Nile took its current form at the end of the Tertiary. It is located northeast of the continent, He born in Burundi and has two major tributaries, the Nilo Blanco and Blue Nile. The first through the Great Lakes of Africa, having its most distant source in Rwanda and flows north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda and Sudan, while the Blue Nile starts at Lake Tana, in Ethiopia, and flows along the southern Sudan. Both are near the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.
The northern part of the river flows almost entirely through the desert, between Sudan and Egypt, a country whose civilization has depended on the river for centuries. Most of the population of Egypt and all its cities except for -a Nile Delta and Oasis-, They are found along the Nile Valley, north of Aswan, and most places of cultural and historical interest are along the riverbanks. The mouth of the river forms the Nile Delta, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
PARTS OF THE NILE
The Nile catchment comprises 3.254.555 square kilometers, approximately 10% Surface Africa.
There are two main branches of the Nile meet at Khartoum: the Nilo Blanco, born in East Africa, and Blue Nile, arising in Ethiopia. Both arms are on the western flanks of the East African Rift, in the southern part of the Great Rift Valley. Downstream of the confluence of the Blue Nile and the Nilo Blanco, the only remaining major tributary is the Atbara River, that comes from Ethiopia, north of Lake Tana. This river flows only when there is rain in Ethiopia and dries very quickly. It joins the Nile approximately 300 kilometers north of Khartoum. From the junction north Nile flow decreases due to evaporation.
The course of the Nile in Sudan is different. Through six groups of cataracts from Aswan to Sabaloka (north of Khartoum), then turns to flow southward, before returning again to flow northward. These changes in the flow of the course are commonly called "the Great Bend of the Nile". In northern Cairo on river splits into several branches that reach the Mediterranean Sea. The two main ones are: the west branch of Rosetta and Damietta branch east, forming the Nile Delta
SOURCES OF THE NILE
Sometimes it is considered that the source of the Nile is Lake Victoria, but the lake is fed by many rivers, some of them of considerable length and flow. The main source of the Nile, watercourse the most distant Mediterranean, It is the Kagera River, one of the tributaries of the central part of the western shore of Lake, which flows near the Tanzanian city of Bukoba. Two are the most distant sources of Kagera and therefore the Nile itself:
Now considered the source of the Nile, which originates near the northern end of Lake Tanganyika, in the heart of tropical forest of Nyungwe, in the western province of Rwanda. The head of the Kagera, River known as Rukarara, He is according descends and is incorporating tributaries, several name changes: first named after Mwogo, then Nyabarongo; to merge the Nyabarongo with Akanyaru gives birth to the Akagera river, Y, downstream, Upon receiving this right by the river Ruvubu, leads finally to the river Kagera. The river system Nile-Lake Victoria White Nile-Kagera-Alkagera-Nyabarongo-Mwogo-Rukarara-has a total length of 6.756 km.
Call South or southern source of the Nile, the first known, which originates in Burundi and is the most mighty and Southern (and therefore farthest from the Mediterranean, not the longest). It is located at the eastern end of the high mountains of southern Burundi, approximately 45 km east of Lake Tanganyika, between Bururi and Rutana, the source of the river Luvironza. The Luvironza flows into the Ruvuvu (also called Ruwubu or Ruwuwu), and this in the Ruvusu, that coalesce with the Akagera leads finally to Kagera. The river system Nile-Lake Victoria White Nile-Kagera-Ruvusu-Ruvuvu-Luvironza-has a length of 6.671 km, somewhat shorter than the Rwandese source.
The Nile leaves Lake Victoria at Ripon Falls, cerca de Jinja, Uganda, with the name of Victoria Nile. This flows approximately 500 kilometers, by Lake Kyoga, until it reaches Lake Albert. After leaving this lake takes the name of Nilo Alberto. From here it flows in Sudan, where it is known as "Jabal Al Bahr" (Mountain River or Upper Nile). The el-Ghazal river (Bahr al-Ghazal) has 716 kilometers long and joins the "Jabal Al Bahr" in a small lagoon called Lake No, after which it is known as "Bahr al Abyad," or "Nilo Blanco" because of the whitish clay found in its waters. Lake No, the river flows to Khartoum.
The term Nilo Blanco is used both in a general sense, referring to the river before Khartoum, and in a limited sense: section between Lake No and Khartoum. From Lake Victoria to the confluence of the Blue Nile in Khartoum, It is the region where it receives all its tributaries, except the Atbara, which it is periodic current and usually it is called Upper Nile to Lake Albert, and from there to Khartoum, Upper Nile.
Blue Nile (Ge'ez Blue Nile Ṭiqūr'Ābbāy (Abay Negro) in Ethiopia; Bahr al Azraq en Sudán) born from Lake Tana in the Ethiopian highlands. flowing around 1.400 km to Khartoum, where it joins the Nilo Blanco to form the Nile itself. He 90% water and 96% Sediment that carries the Nile comes from Ethiopia, and the 59% Water comes from the Blue Nile, and other rivers Tekezé, Atbara, Sobat, and small tributaries. Erosion and sediment transport only occur during the rainy season in the summer Ethiopian, Nevertheless, when precipitation, It is especially high on the solid Ethiopian; the rest of the year, the great rivers of Ethiopia (friend, Blue Nile, Tekezé y Atbarah) flow weakly.
The six cataratas.Esta River area extends from Khartoum to Aswan. It is a dry, arid region that crosses a desert plateau as it has no other tributaries than the Atbarah. This section has a length of approximately 1.800 kilometers, and it characterized by having six cataracts. The first one is located in Aswan, the second in Wadi Halfa, the third in Kerma, the fourth between Abu Hamed and Dongola, the fifth is 45 Berber kilometers and last, the sixth is to 80
This area mainly covering the Nile Delta is the territory made up of fertile alluvial deposits of the Nile from Aswan before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea and is composed of channels that irrigate the valley and depression of Fayum, still possible to navigate the river. The delta is north of Egypt and is shaped like a Greek letter Delta (D), hence the name given by the ancient Greeks.
It is one of the largest deltas in the world, ranging roughly from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east, with 230 km of Mediterranean coastline, and to the city of Cairo in the south. It is a fertile region, very suitable for agriculture, densely populated. In ancient Egypt, these lands were called Lower Egypt.
Until the construction of the Aswan Dam, It is estimated that the surface delta increased an average of one square kilometer annually, or about four meters long, because the contribution of silts. Since the time of the first dynasty Delta has increased its surface about three thousand square kilometers.
SPECIES OF THE NILE
The Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) It is the largest of African crocodiles. Although not usually exceed 5m in length over 6m cases are known. Its constitution is very robust and its weight can reach 1 tm, making it the largest predator in Africa. They can reach 80 years old and grow throughout their lives, although from the 7 years this growth is greatly reduced. It seems that before the arrival of European settlers were truly colossal copies, but strong fighter which he underwent this species has made them very rare. There are numerous subspecies and there is considerable variation between populations.
Nile Perch famous with its impressive sizes of over a hundred kilos, the world record was achieved on Lake Victoria and a whopping weight 232 Kg., Lake Nasser on the record is "only" 176 kg.. Another highly sought after species is the tiger fish, Livery beautiful and huge and dangerous teeth, with weights that can reach up to 7 kilos. the vundu, huge catfish nocturnal habits and bestial struggle reaching weights near the 50 kilos and numerous species of fish smaller.
Lake Nasser is the ultimate destination for fishing of Nile Perch, fish that exists only in the rivers and lakes of Africa. Compared to other African lakes, Lake Nasser is very remote and very few inhabitants to around. this isolation, It has allowed the lake to maintain a good concentration of large Nile perch. While you have the bait in the water, literally you never know if the next fish will be one of more than 20 kilos or can be a fish of immense proportions over 100 kilos.
In the years 60 the Aswan Dam was built resulting in the creation of Lake Nasser covering more 6.200 kilometers of the Nile Valley and thus creating the largest artificial lake in Africa. The original population of fish of the Nile River flourished in the new habitat, especially telapia and their predators like Nile perch, Tiger fish and the big catfish. We have a 32 Total species that inhabit the lake
There are two distinct seasons fishing on Lake Nasser. The summer season is from March to late September. During this time, Nile perch is mostly found in shallow waters. Because during this time their favorite prey, telapia enter the spawn and then hatchings of large quantities of young fish in these waters are produced while growing. These months are the best for fishing near the shore and fly fishing. The second season is the winter between October and late February. During this time the Nile perch is in deep water. Is this time that the larger fish are caught, trolling fishing on submerged islands. So if you want to catch big fish, Winter is the best season. On the other hand, Summer is more fun with more abundant fishing but the fish are smaller (15 a 35 Kg media).
Recommended lures: De Butcher Tail: “Depth Raider 8” straight and articulated, the biggest collapse in red or yellow perch, “Baby Depth Raider 6” Floating and Sinking, straight and articulated Rapalas Super Shad Rap 14 and Count Down 14 (orange, ft, Red White, blue, natural gray), Tail dancer big (Perch, FT), Strom Deep Thunder 15 cm, Rapala Deep Tail Dancer 11 cm, Musky Mania Tackles “Ernie & Little Ernie” (Fire Tiger, orange), Sorcerer Halco 15 cm (orange or rot), Mans lures 25+, not 30, FT, Russelure 6.5 inches, Old original Storm big mac, Litt'l Ernie (Musky Mania Tackles), Lucky Craft Flat CB DR de 7,5 cm (Green Apple, FT, Mat Tiger and Green Perch). For Tigerfish: Rapala Rattlin and X-Rap 10 cm, Rapala weed less minnow spoon RM6, Steysee Lucky Craft, Small Meps white, silver and gold Nr. 2.
Equipment for fly fishing: For large losses, rods are recommended 9 feet tip action for sunken lines 11 O 12 and a reel with a good brake system and ability to 200 m. backing. We recommend fast sinking lines (Teeny type Rio 400). For smaller fish perch and tiger can be used for a fishing line 8 intermediate sinking. You must bring spare lines in case of breaking on the rocks. Big streamer flies (20 cm.) with 2 strong hooks 5/0. effective special colors are magenta, orange and black.
ONE OF THE TRAVEL AGENCIES PREPARING FOR FISHING ON THE NILE IS TRAVEL MARSANS, WITH LONG HISTORY IN THIS TYPE OF ADVENTURES.
Fisherman and specializes in catfish fishing boat launched from the pellets.Si professional guide and want to spend an unforgettable day of fishing this river giant contact us via the contact form fishing guide.
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